Muscle Damage and Overreaching During Wildland Firefighter Critical Training

Katherine S. Christison, Shae C. Gurney, Joseph A. Sol, Cassie M. Williamson-Reisdorph, Tiffany S. Quindry, John C. Quindry, Charles L. Dumke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objective: To document the effects of wildland firefighter (WLFF) critical training (CT) on physiologic markers of muscle damage and acute overreaching. Methods: Eighteen male and three female WLFFs were studied during an 11-day CT. Upper-body (US), lower-body (LS) muscle soreness and body weight (BW) were collected daily. Blood was collected on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 to measure creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), cortisol, and testosterone. Skinfolds were taken on days 1 and 11 to estimate body fat (BF) and lean body weight (LBW). Results: CT resulted in a significant depression in BF and elevation in LBW, while main effects of time were seen in US, LS, CK, LDH, cortisol, and testosterone/cortisol ratio (P < 0.05). Conclusion: These data suggest WLFFs undergo significant physiological stressors resulting in muscle soreness, damage, and possible overreaching during CT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)350-356
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021


This work was financially supported by the United States Forest Service (16-CR-11138200-005).

FundersFunder number
U.S. Forest Service-Retired16-CR-11138200-005


    • DOMS
    • creatine kinase
    • occupational physiology
    • overreaching
    • wildland firefighting


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