Muscle strength in the lower extremity does not predict postinstruction improvements in the landing patterns of female athletes

Ryan L. Mizner, Jeffrey K. Kawaguchi, Terese L. Chmielewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations


Fisheye STUDY DESIGN: Preinstruction and postin-struction testing in a laboratory setting. Fisheye OBJECTIVES: To examine the predictive relationship between lower extremity muscle strength and the immediate postinstruction changes in landing patterns of female athletes. We hypothesized that greater strength would be associated with larger postinstruction improvements in landing patterns. Fisheye BACKGROUND: Female athletes in high-demand sports may be predisposed to anterior cruciate ligament injury because of poor landing patterns. Instruction has been shown to improve landing patterns. Lower extremity muscular strength may determine the potential for instruction to alter landing patterns. Fisheye METHODS AND MEASURES: Thirty seven female collegiate athletes in high-demand sports participated. Strength was assessed in the following muscle groups: trunk extensors and flexors, hip abductors and extensors, knee flexors and extensors, and ankle plantar flexors. Strength testing was followed by kinetic and kinematic analysis of a drop vertical jump task. Athletes then received verbal instruction on how to improve their landing technique and were retested. Landing variables of interest were force absorption time, peak vertical ground reaction force (vGRF), peak knee flexion and abduction angle, and peak external knee abduction moment. Preinstruction and postinstruction landing variables data were compared. Linear regression models were created with strength values as independent variables and landing variables as dependent variables. Fisheye RESULTS: After instruction, athletes significantly increased their force absorption time and peak knee flexion angle, while decreasing their peak vGRF, peak knee abduction angle, and peak external knee abduction moment (P<.001). None of the regression models were statistically significant (P>.05). Fisheye CONCLUSIONS: A brief instructional session promotes short-term improvements in the landing patterns of collegiate female athletes, but muscular strength was a poor predictor of the improvements. Fisheye LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognosis, level 4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-361
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2008


  • ACL
  • Biomechanics
  • Hip
  • Knee
  • Motion analysis


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