Nonactin biosynthesis: The potential nonactin biosynthesis gene cluster contains type II polyketide synthase-like genes

Robbie J. Walczak, Anton J. Woo, William R. Strohl, Nigel D. Priestley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nonactin is the parent compound of a group of highly atypical polyketide metabolites produced by Streptomyces griseus subsp. griseus ETH A7796. In this paper we describe the isolation, sequencing, and analysis of 15 559 bp of chromosomal DNA, containing the potential nonactin biosynthesis gene cluster, from S. griseus subsp. griseus ETH A7796. Fourteen open reading frames were observed in the DNA sequence. Significantly, type II polyketide synthase (PKS) homologues were discovered in an apparent operon structure, which also contained the nonactate synthase gene (nonS), clustered with the tetranactin resistance gene. The deduced products of two of the genes (nonK and nonJ) are quite unusual ketoacyl synthase (KAS) α and KASβ homologues. We speculate that nonactic acid, the polyketide precursor of nonactin, is synthesized by a type II PKS system. (C) Federation of European Microbiological Societies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-175
Number of pages5
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume183
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2000

Keywords

  • Biosynthesis
  • Ketoacyl synthase
  • Macrotetrolide
  • Nonactin
  • Polyketide

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