Nutrient intake of wildland Firefighters during Arduous Wildfire suppression

Samantha J. Brooks, Molly R. West, Joseph W. Domitrovich, Joseph A. Sol, Heidi Holubetz, Cassandra Partridge, Brent C. Ruby, Ann F. Brown, Annie J. Roe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Wildland firefighters (WLFFs) perform in adverse environments making rapid adjustments to dietary needs. The National Mobile Food Services (NMFS) contract details WLFF dietary provisions on wildfire incidents. Objective: Determine the nutrient content of food and drink provided to and consumed by WLFFs under the NMFS contract. Methods: Individual (n=122) dietary provisions and consumption was recorded during 1 workday. Nutritional analysis of items provided was compared with consumption and the recommended dietary allowance (RDA). Results: WLFFs consumed significantly (P<0.05) fewer macronutrients than provided for calories, protein, and fat. Provided and consumed micronutrients were below the RDA for vitamins D and E, magnesium, and manganese. Conclusion: Most dietary recommendations were met by NMFS provisions. Next steps include WLFF nutrition education to improve consumption and contract revisions to meet micronutrient recommendations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E949-E956
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021


Funded by USFS Agreement 18-CR-11138100-017.

FundersFunder number
U.S. Forest Service-Retired18-CR-11138100-017


    • Dietary intake
    • Macronutrients
    • Micronutrients
    • Wildland firefighters


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