Observation of dystocia in wild elk

Chad P. Lehman, Lowell E. Schmitz, Mark A. Rumble, Jackie J. Kragel, Joshua J. Millspaugh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    On the basis of reports in the literature, incidence of dystocia in wild elk (Cervus elaphus) across the west is rare. In 2011, one of 34 (3%) pregnant cow elk in our study experienced dystocia during birth. Our visual observations indicated that it took approximately 4 days for a radio-collared cow elk to succumb to dystocia in our study. Little is known about dystocia in wild elk populations, and our observation provides some insight about fetal malpresentations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)250-251
    Number of pages2
    JournalWestern North American Naturalist
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - Aug 2012


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