Ophiostoma clavigerum is the mycangial fungus of the Jeffrey pine beetle, Dendroctonus jeffreyi

Diana L. Six, T. D. Paine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Dendroctonus jeffreyi and D. ponderosae are sibling species of bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) with few morphological and molecular genetic differences. The two species are believed to have diverged relatively recently. Dendroctonus jeffreyi colonizes only Pinus jeffreyi, while D. ponderosae colonizes up to thirteen Pinus spp., but not P jeffreyi. Adult beetles of both D. jeffreyi and D. ponderosae carry symbiotic fungi in mycangia located on the maxillary cardines. Dendroctonus ponderosae was known to carry two fungi, Ophiostoma clavigerum and O. montium, in its mycangia. However, it was not known which fungi might be carried by D. jeffreyi. Fungi were isolated from the mycangia of over 900 D. jeffreyi collected from a large portion of its geographic range. Using morphology, isozyme phenotypes, and growth rates at different temperatures, all isolates from D. jeffreyi mycangia were determined to be O. clavigerum; O. montium was never isolated from D. jeffreyi mycangia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)858-866
Number of pages9
JournalMycologia
Volume89
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Bark beetles
  • Coleoptera
  • Dendroctonus ponderosae
  • Isozymes
  • Mycangia
  • Ophiostoma montium
  • Scolytidae

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