Phospholipase A2 antagonists inhibit nocodazole-induced Golgi ministack formation: Evidence of an ER intermediate and constitutive cycling

Daniel Drecktrah, William J. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Evidence has been presented both for and against obligate retrograde movement of resident Golgi proteins through the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) during nocodazole-induced Golgi ministack formation. Here, we studied the nocodazole-induced formation of ministacks using phospholipase A2 (PLA2) antagonists, which have been shown previously to inhibit brefeldin A- stimulated Golgi-to-ER retrograde transport. Examination of clone 9 rat hepatocytes by immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy revealed that a subset of PLA2 antagonists prevented nocodazole-induced ministack formation by inhibiting two different trafficking pathways for resident Golgi enzymes; at 25 μM, retrograde Golgi-to-ER transport was inhibited, whereas at 5 μM, Golgi-to-ER trafficking was permitted, but resident Golgi enzymes accumulated in the ER. Moreover, resident Golgi enzymes gradually redistributed from the juxtanuclear Golgi or Golgi ministacks to the ER in cells treated with these PLA2 antagonists alone. Not only was ER-to-Golgi transport of resident Golgi enzymes inhibited in cells treated with these PLA2 antagonists, but transport of the vesicular stomatitis virus G protein out of the ER was also prevented. These results support a model of obligate retrograde recycling of Golgi resident enzymes during nocodazole-induced ministack formation and provide additional evidence that resident Golgi enzymes slowly and constitutively cycle between the Golgi and ER.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4021-4032
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1999

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