Physical Activity Intervention Adaptation: Recommendations from Rural American Indian Older Adults

Maja Pedersen, Kari Jo Harris, Blakely Brown, Mattea Grant, Chelsea Kleinmeyer, Ashley Glass, Niki Graham, Diane K. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Preventive interventions are critical to improving health equity among American Indian (AI) populations, yet interventions that promote physical activity (PA) among AI populations are scarce. This research addresses the research-to-practice gap by informing the adaption and implementation process of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) among rural AI older adults. We used a community-based approach and an Indigenous-focused adaptation theoretical framework. Qualitative, semi-structured interviews elicited detailed information on preferences for PA intervention among rural AI older adults. We applied a collaborative directed content analysis strategy, and established trustworthiness and relevance using an inter-rater reliability process and member checking. We conducted 21 interviews, all participants identified as AI, the mean age was 66 years (SD = 7.6), and 57% were female. Themes characterized contextual and cultural intervention considerations for adapting and implementing evidence-based PA interventions in rural AI older adults. Key findings included an emphasis on social and community interaction, strategies for targeted engagement, preference for group format, pairing PA sessions with shared meals, and inclusiveness in the PA intervention across ability levels and age groups. This study identified opportunities for adaptation of PA-focused EBIs among rural AI older adults. Findings can be applied to support the adaptation and implementation of effective and relevant PA-focused preventive interventions among this population which is at high risk for chronic disease and health disparities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1067-1077
Number of pages11
JournalPrevention Science
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • Exercise
  • Implementation Science
  • Methods
  • Native American
  • Physical activity


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