Possible Oxcarbazepine Inductive Effects on Aripiprazole Metabolism: A Case Report

Ian R. McGrane, Joshua G. Loveland, Jose de Leon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Oxcarbazepine is a cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 inducer, which is structurally similar to carbamazepine. Although lacking Food and Drug Administration approval, oxcarbazepine is sometimes prescribed to treat aggressive behavior in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). These youths may also be taking second-generation antipsychotics, some of which are substrates of the CYP3A4 metabolic pathway. The combination of these medications may result in decreased serum antipsychotic concentrations, potentially reducing effectiveness. A limited number of reports are available which discuss reduced atypical antipsychotic concentrations secondary to oxcarbazepine CYP3A4 induction. We report a young boy taking oxcarbazepine (1200 mg/d) who presented with an unexpectedly low serum aripiprazole concentration. Utilizing therapeutic drug monitoring, pharmacogenetic testing, and a tool to evaluate drug-drug interactions, we estimate that oxcarbazepine possibly reduced his serum aripiprazole concentration by 68%. Our report is important, as it is the first to describe a drug–drug interaction between oxcarbazepine and aripiprazole. This report should encourage the completion of in vitro and clinical studies and the publication of case reports describing the possible inductive effects of oxcarbazepine on atypical antipsychotics (including cariprazine, lurasidone, quetiapine, aripiprazole, brexpiprazole, iloperidone, and risperidone) mediated by induction of the CYP3A4 metabolic pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-363
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Pharmacy Practice
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Keywords

  • aripiprazole
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • case report
  • CYP3A4
  • drug–drug interaction
  • oxcarbazepine

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