Postexercise glycogen recovery and exercise performance is not significantly different between fast food and sport supplements

Michael J. Cramer, Charles L. Dumke, Walter S. Hailes, John S. Cuddy, Brent C. Ruby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A variety of dietary choices are marketed to enhance glycogen recovery after physical activity. Past research informs recommendations regarding the timing, dose, and nutrient compositions to facilitate glycogen recovery. This study examined the effects of isoenergetic sport supplements (SS) vs. fast food (FF) on glycogen recovery and exercise performance. Eleven males completed two experimental trials in a randomized, counterbalanced order. Each trial included a 90-min glycogen depletion ride followed by a 4-hr recovery period. Absolute amounts of macronutrients (1.54 ± 0.27 gkg-1 carbohydrate, 0.24 ± 0.04 gkg fat-1, and 0.18 ± 0.03gkg protein-1) as either SS or FF were provided at 0 and 2 hr. Muscle biopsies were collected from the vastus lateralis at 0 and 4 hr post exercise. Blood samples were analyzed at 0, 30, 60, 120, 150, 180, and 240 min post exercise for insulin and glucose, with blood lipids analyzed at 0 and 240 min. A 20k time-trial (TT) was completed following the final muscle biopsy. There were no differences in the blood glucose and insulin responses. Similarly, rates of glycogen recovery were not different across the diets (6.9 ± 1.7 and 7.9 ± 2.4 mmolkg wet weight- 1hr-1 for SS and FF, respectively). There was also no difference across the diets for TT performance (34.1 ± 1.8 and 34.3 ± 1.7 min for SS and FF, respectively. These data indicate that short-term food options to initiate glycogen resynthesis can include dietary options not typically marketed as sports nutrition products such as fast food menu items.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)448-455
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2015

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