Predicted distribution of the leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) on Borneo

Azlan Mohamed, Joanna Ross, Andrew J. Hearn, Susan M. Cheyne, Raymond Alfred, Henry Bernard, Ramesh Boonratana, Hiromitsu Samejima, Matt Heydon, Dave M. Augeri, Jedediah F. Brodie, Anthony Giordano, Gabriella Fredriksson, Jon Hall, Brent Loken, Yoshihiro Nakashima, John D. Pilgrim, Rustam, Gono Semiadi, Tim van BerkelJason Hon, Norman T.L. Lim, Andrew J. Marshall, John Mathai, David W. Macdonald, Christine Breitenmoser-Würsten, Stephanie Kramer-Schadt, Andreas Wilting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis is one of the smallest cat species found on Borneo and is the most widely distributed wild cat species in Asia. It is listed on The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as Least Concern. The leopard cat is known to tolerate habitat disturbance and to occur in a range of vegetation types including primary and secondary forests, plantations and orchards. However, the extent to which the leopard cat can tolerate habitat disturbance and utilise non-forest areas is still unknown. In this paper, we collected 373 leopard cat location records across Borneo; of these, 228 records were obtained between 2001 and 2011. We analysed 63 (Balanced Model) and 102 (Spatial Filtering Model) records to model habitat suitability. The models predicted more than two-thirds of Borneo to be suitable habitat for the leopard cat. Almost the entire area of Sabah, Sarawak, Brunei and East Kalimantan were predicted to be suitable. The south of Central Kalimantan and the majority of West Kalimantan were predicted to be marginally suitable whereas half of South Kalimantan was predicted to be unsuitable for this species. Although more intensive surveys in Brunei, West Kalimantan and South Kalimantan would help to understand leopard cat distribution, no conservation actions are needed for this species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-185
Number of pages6
JournalRaffles Bulletin of Zoology
StatePublished - 2016


  • Borneo Carnivore Symposium
  • Brunei
  • Conservation priorities
  • Habitat suitability index
  • Indonesia
  • Malaysia
  • Species distribution modelling
  • Survey gaps


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