Prevalence of food insecurity and health-associated outcomes and food characteristics of Northern Plains Indian households

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Abstract

Food insecurity has been associated with chronic disease. Low economic status is one of the primary predictors of food insecurity and American Indian communities have some of the highest rates of poverty and unemployment in the nation. This project collected data on sociodemographic attributes, food insecurity and environment, and health status among Northern Plains Indian household members. Forty-four percent of the households surveyed (n = 187) reported food insecurity and prevalence of food insecurity significantly decreased with increasing household income. After adjustment for income, food insecurity was significantly associated with poor general health (odds ratio (OR) 2.77, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.39-5.54) and bodily pain (OR and 95% CI = 2.14 (1.12-4.10)). Programs that decrease the prevalence of food insecurity and health disparities in this population are urgently needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-53
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007

Keywords

  • Community nutrition
  • Food environment
  • Food insecurity
  • Health status
  • Northern Plains Indians

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