Prognostic ability of VE/VCO2 slope calculations using different exercise test time intervals in subjects with heart failure

Ross Arena, Reed Humphrey, Mary Ann Peberdy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The minute ventilation-carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2) slope, obtained during exercise testing, possesses prognostic value in heart failure (HF). The VE-VCO2 relationship is generally linear thereby hypothetically producing similar slope values regardless of the exercise-test time interval used for calculation. This study assesses the ability of the VE/VCO2 slope, calculated at different time intervals throughout a progressive exercise test, to predict 1-year cardiac-related hospitalization and mortality in subjects with HF. Seventy-two subjects underwent symptom-limited exercise testing with ventilatory expired gas analysis. Mean age and left ventricular ejection fraction for 44 male and 28 female subjects were 51.2 years (ケ 13.0) and 27.0% (ケ 12.3) respectively. The VE/VCO2 slope was calculated from time 0 to 25, 50, 75 and 100% of exercise time and subsequently used to create five randomly selected VE/VCO2 slope categories. (The intraclass correlation coefficient found calculation of the VE/VCO2 slope, when divided into quartiles, to be a reliable measure (alpha = 0.94, P<0.0001). Univariate Cox regression analysis revealed all VE/VCO2 slope categories (25-100% and random selections) were significant predictors of cardiac-related hospitalization and mortality over a 1-year period. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed all VE/VCO2 slope categories outperformed peak oxygen consumption (VO2) in predicting hospitalization and mortality at 1 year. Although the different classification schemes were not identical, these results suggest VE/VCO2 slope maintains prognostic significance regardless of exercise-test time interval. Calculation of VE/VCO2 slope may therefore still be valuable in subjects putting forth a sub-maximal effort while effort-dependent measures, such as peak VO2, are not.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-468
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003

Keywords

  • hospitalization
  • mortality
  • subject effort
  • treadmill
  • ventilatory expired gas

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