Prostaglandin I2 promotes the development of IL-17-producing γδ T cells that associate with the epithelium during allergic lung inflammation

Zeina Jaffar, Maria E. Ferrini, Pamela K. Shaw, Garret A. FitzGerald, Kevan Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

γδ T cells rapidly produce cytokines and represent a first line of defense against microbes and other environmental insults at mucosal tissues and are thus thought to play a local immunoregulatory role. We show that allergic airway inflammation was associated with an increase in innate IL-17-producing γδ T (γδ-17) cells that expressed the αEβ7 integrin and were closely associated with the airway epithelium. Importantly, PGI2 and its receptor IP, which downregulated airway eosinophilic inflammation, promoted the emergence of these intraepithelial γδ-17 cells into the airways by enhancing IL-6 production by lung eosinophils and dendritic cells. Accordingly, a pronounced reduction of γδ-17 cells was observed in the thymus of naive mice lacking the PGI2 receptor IP, as well as in the lungs during allergic inflammation, implying a critical role for PGI2 in the programming of "natural" γδ-17 cells. Conversely, iloprost, a stable analog of PGI2, augmented IL-17 production by γδ T cells but significantly reduced airway inflammation. Together, these findings suggest that PGI2 plays a key immunoregulatory role by promoting the development of innate intraepithelial γδ-17 cells through an IL-6-dependent mechanism. By enhancing γδ-17 cell responses, stable analogs of PGI2 may be exploited in the development of new immunotherapeutic approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5380-5391
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume187
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2011

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