Atherosclerosis and heart disease are the main cause of death in United States. The development of atherosclerosis includes lipid deposition and foam cell formation in the artery wall. Scavenger Receptors A-I and II (SRA-I/II) have an important role of in foam cell formation and atherogenesis. Most of the SRA-I/II studies had been performed using Iodine-125-radiolabeled modified low-density lipoprotein. This report attempts to validate the use of fluorescence microscopy techniques as an alternative to obtain qualitative and quantitative information of the uptake of fluorescence-labeled acetylated low-density lipoprotein (AcLDL) in adherent CHO cells expressing SRA-I/II. After verifying the protein expression of SRA-I and II, uptake was quantified using a Laser Scan Cytometer, and images of cells containing fluorescent AcLDL were obtained. A significant increase in fluorescence was found in the cells transfected with SRA-I/II vs. those with empty vector. When SRA-I/II competitive ligands were used, the uptake of AcLDL was significantly decreased. In conclusion, the use of fluorescence microscopy techniques in obtaining qualitative and quantitative information of the uptake of fluorescence-labeled AcLDL by adherent cells, such as CHO cells, is an alternative to the traditional use of radiolabeled iodine.
- Low-density lipoproteins
- Scavenger receptors