Relaxation oscillations induced by amplitude-dependent frequency in dissipative trapped electron mode turbulence

P. W. Terry, A. S. Ware, D. E. Newman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A nonlinear frequency shift in dissipative trapped electron mode turbulence is shown to give rise to a relaxation oscillation in the saturated power density spectrum. A simple non-Markovian closure for the coupled evolution of ion momentum and electron density response is developed to describe the oscillations. From solutions of a nonlinear oscillator model based on the closure, it is found that the oscillation is driven by the growth rate, as modified by the amplitude-dependent frequency shift, with inertia provided by the memory of the growth rate of prior amplitudes. This memory arises from time-history integrals common to statistical closures. The memory associated with a finite time of energy transfer between coupled spectrum components does not sustain the oscillation in the simple model. Solutions of the model agree qualitatively with the time-dependent numerical solutions of the original dissipative trapped electron model, yielding oscillations with the proper phase relationship between the fluctuation energy and the frequency shift, the proper evolution of the wave number spectrum shape and particle flux, and a realistic period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3974-3985
Number of pages12
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume1
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

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