Reproductive Coercion Among Women With Disabilities: An Analysis of Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring Systems Data

Vanessa Amos, Genevieve R. Lyons, Kathryn Laughon, Rosemary B. Hughes, Jeanne L. Alhusen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Reproductive coercion (RC) is a widespread yet understudied type of intimate partner violence that is associated with numerous negative outcomes. Women with disabilities may be at an increased risk of RC; however, little research has been conducted among this population. Using population-based data, we sought to examine the prevalence of RC in postpartum women with disabilities.

METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional survey, the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, a nationally representative survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in partnership with participating states. These analyses include 3,117 respondents who had information on both disability status and experiences of RC.

RESULTS: Approximately 1.9% of respondents reported experiencing RC (95% CI [1.3, 2.4]). When stratified by disability status, approximately 1.7% of respondents without a disability reported RC whereas 6.2% of respondents with at least one disability reported RC ( p < 0.001). In univariable logistic models, disability, age, education, relationship status, income, and race were all significantly associated with RC.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight the need for healthcare providers working with women with disabilities to screen for RC and potentially uncover intimate partner violence and prevent its negative health consequences. All states participating in Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System data collection are urged to incorporate measures of RC and disability status to better address this significant issue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-114
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Forensic Nursing
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2023

Keywords

  • Disability
  • pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)
  • reproductive coercion
  • violence
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Risk Assessment
  • Humans
  • Coercion
  • Pregnancy
  • Intimate Partner Violence
  • Female
  • Disabled Persons

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