Restoration ecology through the lens of coexistence theory

Lauren M. Hallett, Lina Aoyama, György Barabás, Benjamin Gilbert, Loralee Larios, Nancy Shackelford, Chhaya M. Werner, Oscar Godoy, Emma R. Ladouceur, Jacob E. Lucero, Christopher P. Weiss-Lehman, Jonathan M. Chase, Chengjin Chu, W. Stanley Harpole, Margaret M. Mayfield, Akasha M. Faist, Lauren G. Shoemaker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Advances in restoration ecology are needed to guide ecological restoration in a variable and changing world. Coexistence theory provides a framework for how variability in environmental conditions and species interactions affects species success. Here, we conceptually link coexistence theory and restoration ecology. First, including low-density growth rates (LDGRs), a classic metric of coexistence, can improve abundance-based restoration goals, because abundances are sensitive to initial treatments and ongoing variability. Second, growth-rate partitioning, developed to identify coexistence mechanisms, can improve restoration practice by informing site selection and indicating necessary interventions (e.g., site amelioration or competitor removal). Finally, coexistence methods can improve restoration assessment, because initial growth rates indicate trajectories, average growth rates measure success, and growth partitioning highlights interventions needed in future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1085-1096
Number of pages12
JournalTrends in Ecology and Evolution
Volume38
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • adaptive management
  • ecological restoration
  • environmental variability
  • growth rate partitioning
  • invasion criterion
  • species interactions
  • Models, Biological
  • Ecosystem
  • Ecology

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