Results of a residential indoor PM2.5 sampling program before and after a woodstove changeout

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During 2005-2007, a woodstove changeout program was conducted in a Rocky Mountain valley community in an effort to reduce ambient levels of PM 2.5. In addition to changes in ambient PM2.5, an opportunity was provided to evaluate the changes in indoor air quality when old stoves were replaced with US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-certified woodstoves. PM2.5 samples were measured in 16 homes prior to and following the changeout. For each sampling event, PM2.5 mass was continuously measured throughout the 24-h sampling periods, and organic/elemental carbon (OC/EC) and associated chemical markers of woodsmoke were measured from quartz filters. Results showed that average PM2.5 concentrations and maximum PM2.5 concentrations were reduced by 71% and 76%, respectively (as measured by TSI DustTraks). Levoglucosan was reduced by 45% following the introduction of the new woodstove. However, the concentrations of resin acids, natural chemicals found in the bark of wood, were increased following the introduction of the new woodstove. There were no discernible trends in methoxphenol levels, likely due to the semi-volatile nature of the species that were measured. Although there is some uncertainty in this study regarding the amount of ambient PM infiltration to the indoor environment, these findings demonstrated a large impact on indoor air quality following this intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)408-415
Number of pages8
JournalIndoor Air
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2008


  • Asthma
  • Indoor air quality
  • Intervention
  • Libby
  • Montana
  • Woodsmoke
  • Woodstove


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