Role of hope in academic and sport achievement

Lewis A. Curry, C. R. Snyder, David L. Cook, Brent C. Ruby, Michael Rehm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

325 Scopus citations


Hope is the sum of goal thoughts as tapped by pathways and agency. Pathways reflect the perceived capability to produce goal routes; agency reflects the perception that one can initiate action along these pathways. Using trait and state hope scales, studies explored hope in college student athletes. In Study 1, male and female athletes were higher in trait hope than nonathletes; moreover, hope significantly predicted semester grade averages beyond cumulative grade point average and overall self-worth. In Study 2, with female cross-country athletes, trait hope predicted athletic outcomes; further, weekly state hope tended to predict athletic outcomes beyond dispositional hope, training, and self-esteem, confidence, and mood. In Study 3, with female track athletes, dispositional hope significantly predicted athletic outcomes beyond variance related to athletic abilities and affectivity; moreover, athletes had higher hope than nonathletes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1257-1267
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1997


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