Role of resonance-enhanced multiphoton excitation in high-harmonic generation of N2: A time-dependent density-functional-theory study

Xi Chu, Gerrit C. Groenenboom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A minimum at ∼39 eV is observed in the high-harmonic-generation spectra of N2 for several laser intensities and frequencies. This minimum appears to be invariant for different molecular orientations. We reproduce this minimum for a set of laser parameters and orientations in time-dependent density-functional-theory calculations, which also render orientation-dependent maxima at 23-26 eV. Photon energies of these maxima overlap with ionization potentials of excited states observed in photoelectron spectra. Time profile analysis shows that these maxima are caused by resonance-enhanced multiphoton excitation. We propose a four-step mechanism, in which an additional excitation step is added to the well-accepted three-step model. Excitation to a linear combination of Rydberg states c4′1Σu+ and c3 1Πu gives rise to an orientation-invariant minimum analogous to the "Cooper minimum" in argon. When the molecular axis is parallel to the polarization direction of the field, a radial node goes through the atomic centers, and hence the Cooper-like minimum coincides with the minimum predicted by a modified two-center interference model that considers the de-excitation of the ion and symmetry of the Rydberg orbital.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013434
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 31 2013

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