Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Antipsychotic Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: Two Cases

Ian R. McGrane, Laura A. Salyers, Jason R. Molinaro, Robert C. Munjal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Many patients with psychiatric conditions undergo bariatric surgery. The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) procedure alters medication pharmacokinetic properties and may have significant impact on drug response. Our report is the first to describe atypical antipsychotic therapeutic drug monitoring in patients who have undergone RYGB. The first patient is a 53-year-old female with a stable psychiatric condition undergoing a laparoscopic RYGB. Her medications prior and following the procedure include bupropion, fluvoxamine, lurasidone, methylphenidate, oxcarbazepine, and verapamil. A concentration steady-state lurasidone concentration obtained prior to the procedure was 20 ng/mL and returned at 8.1 ng/mL, 29 days after surgery. The second patient is a 42-year-old female psychiatric inpatient who had previously undergone an RYGB procedure. Medications on admission included phenytoin, oxcarbazepine, risperidone, and venlafaxine. The patient was believed to be a good candidate for a long-acting antipsychotic and paliperidone was chosen. After concentration-steady-state on 6 mg oral paliperidone, a 23.5-hour trough level was drawn. The patient was noted to be improved on the oral paliperidone, the paliperidone long-acting injection was given, and the patient was discharged. After discharge, the paliperidone concentration returned very low at 1.1 ng/mL. We describe the contributions of drug–drug interactions, medication release mechanisms, and food coadministration that may have affected our therapeutic drug monitoring. Our therapeutic drug monitoring results need to be replicated prior to use in the general population but suggest that oral extended-release drug formulations are particularly poor choices and that nonoral antipsychotic formulations may be preferred in some patients who have undergone RYBG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-506
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Pharmacy Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
  • antipsychotic
  • bariatric surgery
  • lurasidone
  • paliperidone
  • therapeutic drug monitoring


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