Self-Efficacy in Intercultural Communication: The Development and Validation of a Sojourners' Scale

Jeffery Chaichana Peterson, Tema Milstein, Yea Wen Chen, Masato Nakazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study designed and validated an instrument for measuring sojourners' intercultural and everyday communication self-efficacy. Factor analysis of a Likert-type scale completed by Japan Exchange and Teaching (JET) Programme respondents (N = 213) identified a unidimensional-factor solution with 34-items loading (α=.95). It revealed negative, positive, and no correlation with existing scales that lent validity to the resulting Sojourner Self-Efficacy in Communication (SSEC) Scale. The authors present both the full scale and a shortened 8-item version (α=.86), and discuss ways the SSEC Scale offers new directions from which to explore issues of intercultural communication and cultural adaptation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-309
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of International and Intercultural Communication
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Keywords

  • Cultural Adaptation
  • Intercultural Communication
  • Scale Validation
  • Self-Efficacy
  • Sojourning

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