Self-interaction-free time-dependent density-functional theory for molecular processes in strong fields: High-order harmonic generation of H2 in intense laser fields

Xi Chu, Shih I. Chu

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Abstract

We present a self-interaction-free time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) for nonperturbative treatment of multiphoton processes of many-electron molecular systems in intense laser fields. The time-dependent exchange-correlation (xc) energy potential with proper short- and long-range potential is constructed by means of the time-dependent optimized effective potential (OEP) method and the incorporation of an explicit self-interaction-correction (SIC) term. The resulting time-dependent OEP/SIC equations are structurally similar to the time-dependent Hartree-Fock equations, but include the many-body effects through an orbital-independent single-particle local time-dependent xc potential. A numerical time-propagation technique is introduced for accurate and efficient solution of the TDDFT/OEP-SIC equations for two-center diatomic molecular systems. This procedure involves the use of a generalized pseudospectral method for nonuniform optimal grid discretization of the Hamiltonian in prolate spheroidal coordinates and a split-operator scheme in the energy representation for the time development of the electron orbital wave functions. High-precision time-dependent wave functions can be obtained by this procedure with the use of only a modest number of spatial grid points. The theory is applied to a detailed study of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) processes of H2 molecules in intense pulsed laser fields. Particular attention is paid to the exploration of the spectral and temporal structures of HHG by means of the wavelet time-frequency analysis. The results reveal striking details of the spectral and temporal fine structures of HHG, providing new insights regarding the detailed HHG mechanisms in different energy regimes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number023411
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2001

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