Sex differences in risk sensitivity under positive and negative budgets and predictors of choice

Heide K. Deditius Island, Allen D. Szalda-Petree, Stephanie C. Kucera

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The authors investigated sex differences in human risk sensitivity by using a computerized choice task with an energy budget analogue. In addition, they explored possible personality predictors of variance sensitivity. The authors modified the traditional energy budget model from those used in risk-sensitive foraging research with nonhuman animals for appropriate use with a human population. Participants chose between 2 computer icons, 1 yielding a fixed-point reward and the other offering variable points. Men were risk prone in the negative budget and risk averse in the positive budget. Women were risk averse in the negative budget. Personality was not predictive of risk-sensitive bias. Interpreting the results using an evolutionary model, the authors found support for a biological and environmental construct of risk-sensitive behavior.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)435-452
    Number of pages18
    JournalJournal of General Psychology
    Volume134
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 2007

    Keywords

    • Choice
    • Parental investment theory
    • Risk sensitivity
    • Sex differences

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Sex differences in risk sensitivity under positive and negative budgets and predictors of choice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this