Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Invasive Freshwater Shrimp (Mysis diluviana): Long-Term Effects on Ecosystem Properties in a Large Oligotrophic Lake

Shawn P. Devlin, Samantha K. Tappenbeck, James A. Craft, Tyler H. Tappenbeck, Dale W. Chess, Diane C. Whited, Bonnie K. Ellis, Jack A. Stanford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Invasion of Mysis diluviana from upstream stockings drastically altered the food web of 480 km2 Flathead Lake, Montana (USA). Mysis increased exponentially after establishment in 1982, preying upon large zooplankters, thereby substantially altering zooplankton community composition, favoring small-sized species. In consequence, primary production increased by 21% owing to changes in zooplankton feeding efficiency. Moreover, the abundant Mysis provided forage for the nonnative lake trout that also rapidly expanded, causing concomitant extirpation of kokanee salmon and near loss of native fishes. This has become a case history of how introduced species can mediate trophic cascades. Here we examine the long-term (1982–2014) dynamics of Mysis in Flathead Lake and how distribution and abundance of this invasive species is related to chemical, physical, and biological factors. We show that Mysis is a strong interactor, regulating zooplankton and phytoplankton biomass interactively with nutrient (N and P) dynamics. Moreover, changes in life history and changing spatial dynamics are strengthening the regulatory role of the Mysis, despite seemingly strong top-down pressure via predation of the Mysis by lake trout. The Mysis are structuring nearly all interactions within and between the biota of Flathead Lake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-197
Number of pages15
JournalEcosystems
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • ecosystem regulation
  • Flathead Lake
  • food web
  • lake trout
  • long-term limnological data
  • Mysis diluviana
  • strong interactor
  • trophic cascade

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Invasive Freshwater Shrimp (Mysis diluviana): Long-Term Effects on Ecosystem Properties in a Large Oligotrophic Lake'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this