Structural criteria for the design of anion receptors: The interaction of halides with electron-deficient arenes

Orion B. Berryman, Vyacheslav S. Bryantsev, David P. Stay, Darren W. Johnson, Benjamin P. Hay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper refines the nature of the interactions between electron-deficient arenes and halide anions. Conclusions are based on (i) new crystal structures containing alkali halide salts with 1,2,4,5-tetracyanobenzene (TCB) and 18-crown-6, (ii) evaluation of crystal structures found in the Cambridge Structural Database, and (iii) MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ calculations of F -, Cl-, and Br- complexes with TCB, 1,3,5-tricyanobenzene, triazine, and hexafluorobenzene. When the halide lies above the plane of the π system, the results establish that three distinctly different types of complexes are possible: strongly covalent σ complexes, weakly covalent donor-π-acceptor complexes, and noncovalent anion-π complexes. When aryl C-H groups are present, a fourth type of interaction leads to C-H⋯X- hydrogen bonding. Characterization of the different geometries encountered with the four possible binding motifs provides criteria needed to design host architectures containing electron-deficient arenes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-58
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume129
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2007

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