Four novel siloxane polymeric pseudostationary phases with three different ionic head groups have been synthesized and characterized for electrokinetic chromatography. Siloxane polymers are of interest in this application because of the wide range of chemistries that can be developed based on these backbones, including much of the chromatographic stationary phase chemistry developed in the last thirty years. All four of the siloxanes studied were synthesized by modification of a single methyl-hydrosiloxane polymer with highly acidic anionic functionalities. One of the siloxanes had both ionic groups and alkane chains attached to the siloxane backbone. The electrophoretic mobilities varied from being somewhat less than sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) to being much greater than SDS. The siloxanes substituted with ionic groups at all of the silicon sites showed significant nonequilibrium band broadening, severely limiting the efficiencies of these polymers. Substitution of 20% of the silicon sites with an alkyl group improved the efficiency of the separations and the peak symmetry. The chemical selectivities of the siloxane polymers are very different from SDS, but are similar to each other.
|Number of pages
|Published - 2001
- Electrokinetic chromatography
- Pseudostationary phase
- Silicone polymer