Synthesis, crystal structures, and Hirshfeld analysis of three hexahydroquinoline derivatives

Scott A. Steiger, Chun Li, Allen G. Oliver, Nicholas R. Natale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Three hexahydroquinoline derivatives were synthesized and crystallized in an effort to study the structure–activity relationships of these calcium-channel antagonists. The derivatives are ethyl 4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-2,7,7-trimethyl-5-oxo-1,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydroquinoline-3-carboxylate, C22H27NO4, (I), ethyl 4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2,7,7-trimethyl-5-oxo-1,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydroquinoline-3-carboxylate, C22H27NO4, (II), and ethyl 4-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2,7,7-trimethyl-5-oxo-1,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydroquinoline-3-carboxylate, C21H24NO5, (III). In these hexahydroquinoline derivatives, common structural features such as a flat-boat conformation of the 1,4-dihydropyridine (1,4-DHP) ring, an envelope conformation of the fused cyclohexanone ring, and a substituted phenyl group at the pseudo-axial position are retained. Hydrogen bonds are the main contributors to the packing of the molecules in these crystals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1089-1096
Number of pages8
JournalActa Crystallographica Section E: Crystallographic Communications
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022


  • 1,4-dihydro-pyridine (1,4-DHP)
  • calcium-channel antagonist
  • crystal structure; hydrogen bonding; hexahydroquinoline (HHQ)
  • multi-drug resistance (MDR)


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