Terrestrial observation and prediction system: Integration of satellite and surface weather observations with ecosystem models

Ramakrishna Nemani, Petr Votava, John Roads, Michael White, Steve Running, Joseph Coughlan

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

Satellite data are widely used in land surface models to compute carbon and water exchange processes. However, much of this work is retrospective in nature. To better represent current land surface conditions in weather/climate models or to provide timely information on ecosystem conditions for natural resource management, one must move from retrospective to real-time analysis. A number of recent advances allow us to develop a system that would allow such real-time assimilation. These include consistent and timely availability of land surface products from EOS/MODIS, and on-line availability of weather data from a number of surface weather stations. We have developed a data assimilation system, terrestrial observation and prediction system, that integrates satellite data, surface weather observations and weather/climate forecasts with a terrestrial ecosystem model. TOPS produces daily 1km estimates of carbon and water fluxes using MODIS derived LAI, land cover and gridded meteorological data created using more than 2000 surface weather stations over the conterminous U.S. Daily outputs are expressed as anomalies from historical normals that were computed using 20 years (1982-2001) of satellite and surface weather data. TOPS is also capable of using short/mid-term weather/climate forecasts to produce forecasts of land surface conditions (snow pack, run off, soil moisture and primary production) that are useful in resource management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages2394-2396
Number of pages3
StatePublished - 2002
Event2002 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2002) - Toronto, Ont., Canada
Duration: Jun 24 2002Jun 28 2002

Conference

Conference2002 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2002)
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityToronto, Ont.
Period06/24/0206/28/02

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