Terrestrial remote sensing science and algorithms planned for EOS/MODIS

S. W. Running, C. O. Justice, V. Salomonson, D. Hall, J. Barker, Y. J. Kaufmann, A. H. Strahler, A. R. Huete, J. P. Muller, V. Vanderbilt, Z. M. Wan, P. Teillet, D. Carneggie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

343 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) will be the primary daily global monitoring sensor on the NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) satellites, scheduled for launch on the EOS-AM platform in June 1998 and the EOS-PM platform in December 2000. MODIS is a 36 channel radiometer covering 0-415-14-235 μm wavelengths, with spatial resolution from 250 m to 1 km at nadir. MODIS will be the primary EOS sensor for providing data on terrestrial biospheric dynamics and process activity. This paper presents the suite of global land products currently planned for EOSDIS implementation, to be developed by the authors of this paper, the MODIS land team (MODLAND). These include spectral albedo, land cover, spectral vegetation indices, snow and ice cover, surface temperature and fire, and a number of biophysical variables that will allow computation of global carbon cycles, hydrologic balances and biogeochemistry of critical greenhouse gases. Additionally, the regular global coverage of these variables will allow accurate surface change detection, a fundamental determinant of global change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3587-3620
Number of pages34
JournalInternational Journal of Remote Sensing
Volume15
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1994

Funding

Funding for the U.S. MODLAND members is provided by contracts from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Office of Mission to Planet Earth.

FundersFunder number
National Aeronautics and Space Administration

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