Testing a typology of batterers

Jennifer Waltz, Julia C. Babcock, Neil S. Jacobson, John M. Gottman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

167 Scopus citations


A. Holtzworth-Munroe and G. L. Stuart (1994) proposed a tripartite typology of men who batter their female partners based on the severity of violence, extent of violence, and personality disorder characteristics. The current study attempts to empirically validate this typology using data from 75 domestically violent (DV) men and their partners, and 32 maritally distressed, nonviolent (DNV) comparison couples. Mixture analysis results generally supported the model, although 2 types were not distinguishable on personality disorder characteristics as predicted. Generally violent batterers were significantly more violent within and outside the relationship. The pathological group was moderately violent within and outside the relationship and endorsed numerous psychological symptoms. Family-only batterers endorsed fewer symptoms and were less violent. Violence in the family of origin, attachment, and communication skills also differentiated the types and DNV men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-669
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000


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