The Cognitive Demands of Gait Retraining in Runners: An EEG Study

Tyler Whittier, Richard W. Willy, Gustavo Sandri Heidner, Samantha Niland, Caitlin Melton, J. C. Mizelle, Nicholas P. Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


High impact forces during running have been associated with tibial stress injuries. Previous research has demonstrated increasing step rate will decrease impact forces during running. However, no research has determined the cognitive demand of gait retraining. The primary purpose was to determine the cognitive demand and effectiveness of field-based gait retraining. We hypothesized that in-field gait retraining would alter running mechanics without increasing cognitive workload as measured by EEG following learning. Runners with a history of tibial injury completed a gait retraining protocol which included a baseline run, retraining phase, practice phase, and re-assessment following retraining protocol. Results demonstrated an increase in the theta, beta, and gamma power within prefrontal cortex during new learning and corresponding return to baseline following skill acquisition and changes across alpha, beta, gamma, mu, and theta in the motor cortex (p <.05). In the midline superior parietal cortex, spectral power was greater for theta activity during new learning with a corresponding alpha suppression. Overall, the results demonstrated the use of EEG as an effective tool to measure cognitive demand for implicit motor learning and the effectiveness of in-field gait retraining.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)360-371
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Motor Behavior
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 3 2020


  • cognitive load
  • gait
  • learning
  • mobile brain/body imaging (MoBI)


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