The cooney ridge fire experiment: An early operation to relate pre-, active, and post-fire field and remotely sensed measurements

Andrew T. Hudak, Patrick H. Freeborn, Sarah A. Lewis, Sharon M. Hood, Helen Y. Smith, Colin C. Hardy, Robert J. Kremens, Bret W. Butler, Casey Teske, Robert G. Tissell, Lloyd P. Queen, Bryce L. Nordgren, Benjamin C. Bright, Penelope Morgan, Philip J. Riggan, Lee Macholz, Leigh B. Lentile, James P. Riddering, Edward E. Mathews

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The Cooney Ridge Fire Experiment conducted by fire scientists in 2003 was a burnout operation supported by a fire suppression crew on the active Cooney Ridge wildfire incident. The fire experiment included measurements of pre-fire fuels, active fire behavior, and immediate post-fire effects. Heat flux measurements collected at multiple scales with multiple ground and remote sensors illustrate the spatial and temporal complexity of the fire progression in relation to fuels and fire effects. We demonstrate how calculating cumulative heat release can provide a physically based estimate of fuel consumption that is indicative of fire effects. A map of cumulative heat release complements estimates of ground cover constituents derived from post-fire hyperspectral imagery for mapping immediate post-fire ground cover measures of litter and mineral soil. We also present one-year and 10-year post-fire measurements of overstory, understory, and surface conditions in a longer-term assessment of site recovery. At the time, the Cooney Ridge Fire Experiment exposed several limitations of current state-of-science fire measurement methods, many of which persist in wildfire and prescribed fire studies to this day. This Case Report documents an important milestone in relating multiple spatiotemporal measurements of pre-fire, active fire, and post-fire phenomena both on the ground and remotely.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number10
    Pages (from-to)1-32
    Number of pages32
    JournalFire
    Volume1
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 2018

    Keywords

    • Consumption
    • Fire effects
    • Fire radiant energy
    • Fire radiant flux
    • Fuel
    • Hyperspectral
    • Long-wave infrared
    • Middle infrared
    • Remote sensing
    • Spectral mixture analysis

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