Gait speed is a valid measure of both physical function and vestibular health. Vestibular rehabilitation is useful to improve gait speed for patients with vestibular hypofunction, yet there is little data to indicate how changes in gait speed reflect changes in patient-reported health outcomes. We determined the minimal clinically important difference in the gait speed of patients with unilateral vestibular hypofunction, mostly due to deafferentation surgery, as anchored to the Dizziness Handicap Index and the Activities Balance Confidence scale, validated using regression analysis, change difference, receiver-operator characteristic curve, and average change methods. After six weeks of vestibular rehabilitation, a change in gait speed from 0.20 to 0.34 m/s with 95% confidence was required for the patients to perceive a significant reduction in perception of dizziness and improved balance confidence.
- Gait speed
- Minimal clinically important difference
- Vestibular hypofunction