The Salmonella SPI1 effector SopB stimulates nitric oxide production long after invasion

Dan Drecktrah, Leigh A. Knodler, Kendal Galbraith, Olivia Steele-Mortimer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The ability of Salmonella enterica to invade and replicate within host cells depends on two type III secretion systems (TTSSs) encoded on pathogenicity islands 1 and 2 (SPI1 and SPI2). The current paradigm holds that these systems translocate two classes of effectors that operate sequentially and independently. In essence, the SPI1 TTSS mediates early events (i.e. invasion) whereas the SP12 TTSS mediates post-invasion processes (i.e. replication, vacuole maturation). Contrary to this model, we have found in infected macrophages that a SPI1 effector, SopB/SigD, increased inducible nitric oxide synthase levels and nitric oxide production, host cell process previously known only to be a target of the SPI2 TTSS. Furthermore, SopB protein and message persist many hours after invasion. Our findings reveal an unanticipated potential for dialogue between the SPI1 and SPI2 TTSS and the host cell response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-113
Number of pages9
JournalCellular Microbiology
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2005

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