Thermodynamics and kinetics of formation of the alkaline state of a Lys 79→Ala/Lys 73→His variant of iso-1-cytochrome c

Saritha Baddam, Bruce E. Bowler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The alkaline transition kinetics of a Lys 73→His (H73) variant of iso-1-cytochrome c are triggered by three ionizable groups [Martinez, R. E., and Bowler, B. E. (2004) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 6751-6758]. To eliminate ambiguities caused by overlapping phases due to formation of the Lys 79 alkaline conformer and proline isomerization associated with the His 73 alkaline conformer, we mutated Lys 79 to Ala in the H73 variant (A79H73). The stability and guanidineHCl m-values of the A79H73 and H73 variants at pH 7.5 are the same. The Ala 79 mutation causes formation of the alkaline conformer to depend on [NaCl]. The salt dependence saturates at 500 mM NaCl, and the thermodynamics of alkaline state formation for the A79H73 and H73 variants become identical. The salt dependence is consistent with loss of an electrostatic contact between Lys 79 and heme propionate D in the A79H73 variant. The kinetics of alkaline state formation for the A79H73 variant support the three trigger group model developed for the H73 variant, with the primary trigger, pKHL, being ionization of His 73. The low pH ionization, pKH1, is perturbed by the Ala 79 mutation indicating that this ionization is modulated by the buried hydrogen bond network involving heme propionate D. The A79H73 variant has a high spin heme above pH 9 suggesting that the high pH ionization, pKH2, involves a high spin heme conformer. The proline isomerization phase is modulated by both pKHL and pKH2 indicating that it is sensitive to protein conformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14956-14968
Number of pages13
JournalBiochemistry
Volume44
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2005

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