Total antioxidant capacity from dietary supplement decreases the likelihood of having metabolic syndrome in korean adults

Subeen Kim, Yoonju Song, Jung Eun Lee, Shinyoung Jun, Sangah Shin, Gyung Ah Wie, Yoon Hee Cho, Hyojee Joung

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26 Scopus citations


This study was conducted to estimate antioxidant vitamin intake and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) from diet and dietary supplements and to examine their association with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean adults. Out of 6308 adults 19~64 years old from the 2010~2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1847 adults were classified as dietary supplement users and the other 4461 adults were classified as non-users. Antioxidant intake and TAC from diet and dietary supplements were estimated using dietary intake data and linked with the antioxidant and TAC database for common Korean foods. The prevalence of MetS was lower in dietary supplement users (odds ratio (OR) = 0.82; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.68–0.98) than that in non-users. Among dietary supplement users, a lower prevalence of MetS was observed in the highest tertile for vitamin A (OR = 0.72; 95% CI, 0.53–0.99) and vitamin E (OR = 0.74; 95% CI, 0.55– 0.99) intake than that in the lowest tertile among non-users. Subjects in the highest tertile of TAC among dietary supplement users showed a lower prevalence of MetS (OR = 0.72; 95% CI, 0.52–0.99) than non-users. The results imply that intake of vitamin A, vitamin E, and TAC from dietary supplements might have a protective effect on MetS among Korean adults.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1055
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2017


Acknowledgments: This work was carried out with the support of ‘Research Program for Agricultural Science and Technology Development’, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration (Project No. PJ011637022017).

FundersFunder number
National Academy of Agricultural Science
Rural Development Administration


    • Antioxidant vitamins
    • Dietary supplements
    • Korean adults
    • Metabolic syndrome
    • Total antioxidant capacity


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