Unique compensatory oculomotor behavior in people living with multiple sclerosis

Colin R. Grove, Andrew Wagner, Brian J. Loyd, Leland E. Dibble, Michael C. Schubert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Globally, there are 3 million people living with multiple sclerosis (PLW-MS). A large proportion of PLW-MS have abnormal vestibular function tests that suggest central vestibular lesions. Yet, data regarding vestibular-ocular control in PLW-MS is limited. Thus, we aimed to further characterize compensatory saccade (CS) behavior in PLW-MS. Methods: We analyzed video head impulse data from four groups of six age- and sex-matched adults: people living with mild MS (PLW-mild-MS, people living with moderate MS (PLW-moderate-MS), people living with unilateral vestibular deafferentation (PLW-UVD), and healthy controls (HC). Results: PLW-moderate-MS had lower lateral canal vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gain bilaterally compared to PLW-mild MS (p < 0.001), HC (p < 0.001), and PLW-UVD (p < 0.001). CS frequency was higher for impulses towards the less affected side in PLW-moderate-MS versus the more (p = 0.01) and less (p < 0.001) affected sides in PLW-mild-MS. CS latency was shorter (p < 0.001) and CS peak velocity was lower (p < 0.001) with impulses towards the more affected side versus the less affected side in PLW-moderate-MS. However, CS peak velocity with impulses towards each side was similar in PLW-mild-MS (p = 0.12). Gaze position error (GPE) was larger after impulses towards the more affected side versus the less affected side in PLW-moderate-MS (p < 0.001) and PLW-mild-MS (p < 0.001). MS-related disability was moderately associated with VOR gain (p < 0.001) and GPE (p < 0.001). Additionally, we identified micro-saccades and position correcting saccades that were uniquely employed by PLW-MS as compensatory gaze stabilizing strategies. Conclusions: In PLW-MS, the characteristics of compensatory oculomotor behavior depend on the extent of residual VOR gain.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120411
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume442
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2022

Keywords

  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Vestibulo-ocular reflex
  • Video head impulse test

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