Using a charge-coupled device (CCD) to simultaneously gather X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) information

S. Cornaby, T. D. Grow, A. Reyes-Mena, P. W. Moody, A. Stradling, T. Hughes, L. V. Knight

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A breadboard setup constructed at MOXTEK, Inc., is capable of capturing both x-ray diffraction (XRD) and x-ray fluorescence (XRF) information simultaneously using a charge-coupled device (CCD) as the x-ray detector. This preliminary setup will lead to a prototype simultaneous XRD/XRF instrument. NASA is funding the project because it could be used for future Mars missions for analysis of rocks. The instrument uses a CCD to capture both the energy and the position of an incoming x-ray. This is possible because each pixel acts as a spatially addressable energy-dispersive detector. A powdered sample of material is placed in front of the CCD, which in turn is bombarded by a collimated x-ray beam. The instrument's critical features, the x-ray source, collimation optics and x-ray transparent windows need to be optimized in the size and power to allow the instrument to be portable. In this paper the instrument's design parameters as well as the properties of both the CCD as x-ray detector and the low-power consumption tube are investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-172
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 2002


  • Back-side illuminated CCD
  • Charged-coupled device (CCD)
  • Compact instrument
  • Energy-dispersive detector
  • Front-side illuminated CCD
  • Mars
  • Powdered diffraction
  • X-ray diffraction (XRD)
  • X-ray fluorescence (XRF)


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