Wilderness Medical Society Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Heat Illness: 2024 Update

Kurt P. Eifling, Flavio G. Gaudio, Charles Dumke, Grant S. Lipman, Edward M. Otten, August D. Martin, Colin K. Grissom

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The Wilderness Medical Society (WMS) convened an expert panel in 2011 to develop a set of evidence-based guidelines for the recognition, prevention, and treatment of heat illness. The current panel retained 5 original members and welcomed 2 new members, all of whom collaborated remotely to provide an updated review of the classifications, pathophysiology, evidence-based guidelines for planning and preventive measures, and recommendations for field- and hospital-based therapeutic management of heat illness. These recommendations are graded based on the quality of supporting evidence and the balance between the benefits and risks or burdens for each modality. This is an updated version of the WMS clinical practice guidelines for the prevention and treatment of heat illness published in Wilderness & Environmental Medicine. 2019;30(4):S33-S46.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112S-127S
JournalWilderness and Environmental Medicine
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2024

Keywords

  • heat stroke
  • hyperthermia
  • prevention
  • recognition
  • treatment

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